GI Rights Hotline

Military Discharges and Military Counseling

Call 1-877-447-4487

Reasonable Commuting Distance

A reservist is not required to attend drills beyond a reasonable commuting distance as defined below. Anyone who feels their command is asking them to travel beyond the distances defined below can contact the GI Rights Hotline for more information.

Procedures for relocation and definitions for Commuting Distance are outlined  in different ways in different regulations. 

DODI 1215.13  5/5/2015(applies to all branches)


Enclosure 3

  1. INVOLUNTARY ASSIGNMENTa. SELRES Members with Obligated Service. At the discretion of the Secretary concerned or the Commandant of the USCG and with the approval of the losing and gaining commanders, Service members with obligated SELRES service may be involuntarily assigned to an IDT site of their RC if the member resides within the commuting area of the IDT site

 

 

5
a.Unit Inactivation or Relocation.

Members of the SELRES who are unable to participate because of unit inactivation or relocation, and reside beyond the commuting area of the inactive duty site, will be transferred to the IRR and subject to the participation requirements in this enclosure.

 

  1. Individual Relocation.

 

Members of the SELRES who permanently change their residences, which results in residing beyond a reasonable commuting area of their assigned unit, may:

(1) Request to retain their position in their unit of assignment.

(2) Lose their billet and be transferred to another SELRES billet within the same RC, if
possible, or be given 90 days from departing their original unit for the Service member to locate
and join another unit before transfer to the IRR.

(3) Request assignment to vacancies that require different specialties than the SELRES
members possess. The Secretary concerned or the Commandant of the USCG may provide for
retraining these members (with their consent) by ordering them to ADT to acquire the necessary
specialties.

(4) Be accepted in another RC within their Service, regardless of unit vacancies, if
established end strength with authorized variance is not exceeded, and subject to the following
conditions:
(a) The losing unit certifies that the participation of the Ready Reserve members has
been satisfactory.
(b) The grades and specialties of the Ready Reserve members are usable in the unit,
the SELRES members may be retrained by on-the-job training, or Service members agree to be
retrained by being ordered to ADT.

(5) Be authorized to transfer to another RC pursuant to DoDI 1205.05 (Reference (r)).

(6) Not be assigned to a unit beyond a reasonable commuting area without the SELRES
members’ consent.

 

  1. SELRES Billet Not Available. When another billet of the same RC is not located, those

members of the SELRES will be transferred to the IRR.

 

Definitions...
commuting area. The distance that a Ready Reserve member may be required to involuntarily travel between residence and the inactive duty site. The Secretary concerned or the Commandant of the USCG may determine commuting area in accordance with the Joint Travel Regulations (Reference (v)), taking into consideration modes of travel, local traffic conditions, weather, and safety of the members.

 

The JFTR says:

THE JOINT FEDERAL TRAVEL
REGULATIONS
VOLUME 1
UNIFORMED SERVICE MEMBERS


U2800 GENERAL

  1. Classification. The local area is:
  2. Within the PDS/TDY limits and the metropolitan area around the PDS/TDY area served by local public transit systems;
  3. Within a local commuting area of the PDS/TDY station determined by the AO/local Service in a written directive. An arbitrary distance radius must not be established to define a local commuting area

Comp. Gen. 397 (1980); or

  1. Separate cities, towns, or installations adjacent/close to each other, between which the commuting public travels during normal business hours on a daily basis.
  2. Designation. For DoD, the installation/base/senior commander establishes the local area for all DoD personnel, even if the personnel are from more than one command, unit, installation, or component

 

 

 

Army regulations contain the following standard:

The maximum distance a member of a Reserve component may be required to travel involuntarily between residence and IDT site. Allowed distances include:

A 100-mile radius of the IDT site or a distance that may be traveled by automobile under average conditions of traffic, weather, and roads in 3 hours. That applies only to those units that normally do four IDT sessions on 2 consecutive days and where Government meals and quarters are at the unit IDT site.

A 50-mile radius of the IDT site or a distance that may be traveled by an automobile under average conditions of traffic, weather, and roads in a 1 1/2-hour period, where Government meals and quarters are not at the unit IDT site.

Moving outside a reasonable commuting distance

When a reservist changes residence so that they are no longer within a reasonable commuting distance from the unit’s drill site there is normally an option of transfer to either another unit or to the individual ready reserve (IRR). GI Rights Hotline counselors are available to discuss options regarding this situation.

Warning:  Despite clear regulations many reserve and national guard commands are unfamiliar with (and sometimes hostile to) the rules and procedures involving change of residence and unit relocation.  GI Rights counselors routinely assist callers with stubborn commands and steps of action to arrive with compliance with the law including the militaries own rules and regulations.