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AR 135-91 Service Obligations, Methods of Fulfillment, Participation Requirements, and Enforcement Procedures (14 March 2016)

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3-4. Participation before initial active duty for training
Enlistees in the categories described in a through d below are authorized to attend the specified number of inactive duty training (IDT)s or AT with their assigned unit for pay purposes before completing IADT. (All others may voluntarily participate in inactive duty training (IDT)s without pay during the period before IADT.) Failure of a soldier to attend inactive duty training (IDT)s while in the training pipeline awaiting entrance on IADT (to include both phases of the Alternate Training Program) will not subject the soldier to unsatisfactory participation processing of paragraph 4-14.

Comments: IDTs are also known as drills.


Chapter 4
Section I
4-1. Guidance

This chapter governs absences from Ready Reserve training. It applies to all ARNGUS and USAR soldiers. Table 4-1, Absences, lists reasons for absences, who may excuse or grant exceptions to unexcused absences, basis for approval or disapproval, and the documentation required.


Section III

Unexcused Absences

4-12. Conditions of unexcused absence

a. An unexcused absence is any absence not covered in sections II and IV of this chapter.

b. Soldiers will be charged with unsatisfactory participation when without proper authority they
(1) Accrue in any one-year period a total of nine or more unexcused absences from scheduled inactive duty training (IDT)s.
(In the case of IMAs who are required to-perform fewer than 48 inactive duty training (IDT)s per year, see paragraph 4-7b(2).)
(2) Fail to obtain a unit of assignment during a leave of absence granted per section IV.
(3) Fail to attend or complete AT.

Comments: "IMA" is Individual Mobilization Augmentation. "AT" is Annual Training.

c. Officers and enlisted soldiers with the exception of ROTC/SMP cadets will be processed for reassignment or separation as prescribed in chapter 6 as soon as possible after the actions in paragraphs 4-6, 4-7, or 4-15a, as appropriate, result in a determination that the soldier is an unsatisfactory participant. ROTC/SMP cadets determined to be unsatisfactory participants may be removed from the SMP and transferred or reassigned to Control Group (ROTC) at the appropriate ROTC Region Headquarters in their cadet status (AR 601-210, see processing release from ROTC/SMP and
reassignment  to  CG  (ROTC)).


4-14. Unexcused absence from unit training assemblies

a. Unsatisfactory participation. A soldier is an unsatisfactory participant (according to para 4-15) when nine or more unexcused absences from scheduled inactive duty training (IDT)s occur during a 1-year period.
(See paras 4-14b and 4-14c below for computation.) In the case of IMAs required to perform IDT, see paragraph 4-7b(2).

b. Charging unexcused absences. Unless an absence is authorized, a soldier failing to attend a scheduled single or multiple unit training assembly (MUTA) will be charged with an unexcused absence. When absence involves a MUTA (or any portion of a MUTA), the charge will be one unexcused absence for each 4-hour period not attended, but not to exceed four unexcused absences. If absent from a MUTA 5 or MUTA 6, the maximum number of unexcused absences charged is four. Unexcused absences remain charged to the soldier on reassignment or reenlistment in another RC unit.

c. Establishing the 1-year period. For counting unexcused absences, the 1-year period will begin on the date of the absence. It will end 1 year later. Beginning dates will be set for each succeeding unexcused absence. When longer than 1-year elapses from the date of an absence, it no longer will be counted. The new 1-year period will begin on the date of the later absence, if any.


Chapter 5
Reassignment and Removal from Assignment

Section I
Conditions of Removal

5–1. General
  a. An enlisted soldier must satisfactorily participate with a unit for the period specified by written contract, agreement, or statement of understanding.
  b. Voluntary or involuntary removal from unit participation will be as prescribed by AR 135–178, AR 140–10, or NGR 600–200, as appropriate, or under additional conditions cited in this section.
  c. The reassignment or transfer of an enlisted soldier to the IRR under the conditions cited in this section is authorized provided all of the following apply to the soldier:
  (1) Soldier has a remaining statutory or contractual military service obligation.
  (2) Required initial entry training (IET) has been completed and individual has been awarded an MOS.
  (3) The soldier is not within 3 months of the expiration of a statutory or contractual military service obligation, whichever is the later....

5–4. Unit inactivation or relocation
a. Soldiers who meet the criteria of paragraph 5–1c whose unit is inactivated or relocated will be reassigned/
transferred to the IRR if–

(1) They now live beyond commuting distance of their unit. (commuting distance is defined in paragraph 5–5.)
   (2) There is no other unit of the same component within commuting distance.

   b. Soldiers’ reassigned/transferred to the IRR under this paragraph will remain assigned to the IRR until they–
   (1) Join or are assigned to another unit.
   (2) Complete their statutory and/or contractual obligation.

5–5. Maximum involuntary travel distance
The maximum distance ARNGUS and USAR soldiers may travel involuntarily between their residence and the inactive duty training (IDT) training site must be within—
   a. A 50–mile radius of the inactive duty training (IDT) site. It will not exceed 1 1/2 hours of travel time one-way by car under average traffic, weather, and road conditions
   b. A 100–mile radius of the inactive duty training (IDT) site. (This policy is applicable to enlisted soldiers only.) It is an alternative that can be applied when all of the conditions in (1) and (2) below can be met. It will not exceed 3 hours of travel time one-way by car under average traffic, weather, and road conditions.
   (1) The soldiers must be assigned to units that normally conduct multiple unit training assemblies (MUTA) on 2 consecutive days (MUTA-4).
   (2) Government-provided meals and quarters must be furnished at the training site.
   c. Round-trip travel from home to perform IDT at the unit to which the soldier is assigned or attached will be at the soldier’s expense....

Chapter 6

Enforcement Procedures


6-2. Unsatisfactory participation enforcement procedures

When it has been determined that an ARNGUS or USAR officer or enlisted  soldier is an unsatisfactory participant per chapter 4, the immediate commander will complete a memorandum (see fig 6–1) determining the Soldier an unsatisfactory participant and will initiate proceedings that result in the reassignment, transfer, or separation of the unsatisfactory participant  as  prescribed  in  this  paragraph  and  complete  a  notice  of  SGLI  termination  memorandum  (see  fig  6–2) informing  the  Soldier  his  or  her  SGLI  will  be  terminated  effective  60  days  from  the  date  of  the  notice. ...

These  proceedings  are  applicable  when
the  unsatisfactory  participant  is—

a. An  enlisted  Soldier  assigned  to  an  ARNGUS  or  USAR  unit  or  an  IMA  duty  position.

(1)   If  the  commander  determines  the  Soldier  has  potential  for  useful  service  under  mobilization,  the  Soldier  will  be processed  under  one  of  the  following:

(a) Discharge  from  the  ARNGUS  and  transfer  to  the  IRR  per  NGR  600–200.  The  commander  may  also  consider grade  reduction  per  AR  600–8–19.

(b) Reassignment  to  the  IRR  from  a  USAR  TPU  or  IMA  duty  position  per  AR  140–10  (see  involuntary  reassignment  for  unsatisfactory  participation).  The  commander  may  also  consider  grade  reduction  per  AR  600–8–19  (see reduction  for  unsatisfactory  participation).

(2)   If  the  commander  determines  the  Soldier  has  no  potential  for  useful  service  under  mobilization,  the  Soldier  will be  processed  for  discharge  from  Reserve  of  the  Army  status  per  AR  135–178  (see  unsatisfactory  participation  in  the IRR)....