Después de leer esta hoja informativa, por favor llame a la Línea directa (877-447-4487) para hablar de sus opciones con un consejero.
Hay muchos tipos de servicio a los que un reservista puede ser mandado a presentarse, entre ellos el servicio activo para el entrenamiento, las instrucciones inactivas (drills), el entrenamiento anual, las asambleas (muster), una movilización y un despliegue. Los miembros de la National Guard también pueden ser mandados al servicio activo durante las emergencias estatales sin que el gobierno federal les mande al servicio activo (es decir, bajo el Título 10, las fuerzas armadas, del Código de los EEUU). Los consejeros de la Línea directa de los derechos de los militares (GI Rights Hotline, 877-447-4487) pueden ofrecer una consulta gratuita y confidencial sobre cualquiera de dichos asuntos.
Desde la fecha en que un reservista es obligado a presentarse al servicio activo por una orden bajo el Título 10 del Código de los EEUU, dicho reservista se encuentra bajo jurisdicción del UCMJ (el Código Uniforme de la Justicia Militar) y puede ser castigado por cualquier ausencia sin permiso de dicha fecha en adelante. Sin embargo, muchas ausencias que podrían ser castigadas bajo el UCMJ nunca son castigadas por un consejo de guerra ni incurren en un castigo no judicial. Los consejeros de la Línea directa pueden ayudarle a enterarse de las consecuencias posibles y probables de la ausencia sin permiso de un reservista. Hay algunas clases de ausencias especiales tratadas a continuación.
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Chapter 1 Section G
Enlisted Accession Programs
3.RK. This program is designed to recruit and train college students, or students entering their last year of high school who have no prior military service, by implementing a split-phase IADT period.
a.Phase I consists of recruit training which may begin anytime but is normally scheduled in the summer. After basic training is completed, RK reservists are transferred from TRAPAY CAT F to B, and begin their inter-phase period. Members are required to drill an average of four drills per month over the duration of the inter-phase period at their assigned unit.
b.Following the inter-phase period, reservists are placed back in TRAPAY CAT F to attend Class “A” school for Phase II of IADT, which is normally performed during the summer after recruit training. Upon completion of Class “A” school, RK reservists are transferred to TRAPAY CAT A and return to their drilling unit.
c.If RK reservists are re-phased and unable to complete the school due to a prior documented educational commitment, they are rescheduled for Phase II the following summer. RK reservists incur a six-year SELRES obligation upon recruitment, inclusive of IADT. The remaining two years of their eight-year military service obligation may be served in the IRR.
B. Participation Standards. Satisfactory participation is defined as the fulfillment of contractual and training requirements. Satisfactory participation must be considered a factor in performance evaluations.
1. SELRES Obligations.
a. Complete IADT for a period of not less than 84 days in accordance with Reference (a), Title 10 U.S.C. §671, unless the requirement is already fulfilled by prior military service;
b. Report in accordance with orders;
c. Attend 90% of scheduled authorized IDT drills with pay per fiscal year; see Chapter 2, Section B of this Manual. Excused absences are not calculated in meeting a member’s fiscal year IDT drill requirement;
d. Satisfy the AT requirement of not less than 12 days, exclusive of travel time, in accordance with Reference (c), Uniform Reserve, Training, and Retirement Categories for the Reserve Components, DoDI 1215.06;
e. Complete training required by enlistment contract or commissioning program;
f. Answer official correspondence;
g. Complete the annual screening questionnaire, in accordance with Reference (a), Title 10 U.S.C. §10149;
h. Promptly update Direct Access, Coast Guard Electronic Systems, Global Address List (GAL), and notify their responsible SPO via the chain of command of changes to residence, phone number(s), e-mail address, mailing address, marital status, number of dependents, civilian education or employment, or a physical condition or other factors that would immediately affect availability for inactive or active duty;
i. Maintain Individual Medical Readiness (IMR), in accordance with Reference (p), Coast Guard Medical Manual, COMDTINST M6000.1 (series);
j. Maintain compliance with weight and body fat standards, in accordance with Reference (h), Coast Guard Weight and Body Fat Standards Program Manual, COMDTINST M1020.8 (series);
k. To be retained in an active status (SELRES, IRR, and ASL), a Reserve commissioned officer must accrue a minimum of 50 retirement points in an anniversary year to remain in an active status, in accordance with Reference (a), Title 10 U.S.C. §12642;
l. All members in the Ready Reserve (SELRES or IRR) and ASL who are qualified for a non-regular retirement, except for having reached 60 years of age or are eligible for early retirement, are required to attain 50 points each anniversary year to remain in an active
COMDTINST M1001.28C4- 2 status. See Chapter 8, Section H of this Manual for policy regarding qualifying years of service for retirement;
m. Maintain the required sea-bag items, in accordance with Reference (u), Uniform Regulations, COMDTINST M1020.6 (series);
n. Annually verify their BAH, dependency, beneficiaries, SGLI and emergency contacts in accordance with Reference (k), Personnel and Pay Procedures Manual (PPPM), PPCINST M1000.2 (series);
o. Members that are single parents, dual-member couples with dependents, or primarily responsible for dependent family members shall annually validate they have adequate, proper dependent care arrangements and maintain an accurate Family Care Plan in accordance with Reference (v), Family Care Plans, DoDI 1342.19, and Reference (k), Personnel and Pay Procedures Manual (PPPM), PPCINST M1000.2 (series); and
p. Complete required mandated training courses located in the Coast Guard Learning Portal, https://elearning.uscg.mil/.
2.Meeting Annual Training Requirements.
a. Annual Training (AT). The AT requirement is met by the completion of IADT, ADT-AT, and by ADOT, as long as the duty is rating, specialty, or position related training. The duty may be performed through OJT or formal school completion. District RFRS, DOL-1, or PAC-13 will make the final determination whether the requested training meets the prescribed requirement. The determination concerning whether such duty will meet the AT requirement shall be documented on the reservist’s orders. Reservists who enter the SELRES after completing 30 days or more of active duty are not obligated to complete the 12 days AT requirement within the same fiscal year. However, they are not prohibited from performing ADT-AT or any other type of active duty if funds are available and with District RFRS or PAC-13 approval.
b.Inactive Duty for Training (IDT) Drills. IDT drills shall be performed in accordance with Chapter 2, Section B of this Manual. Resumption of IDT drills after a period of ADOT should be as follows:(1)Members who have been on any form of active duty for 31 days or more and who are RELAD to the SELRES must resume IDT drills upon RELAD, except as provided in Paragraph 3 below. Reservists serving on active duty for a full calendar month shall not make up drills for that month. Exceptions are based on urgent training requirements and availability of funds as approved by Commandant (CG-131).
(2) Members who remain assigned to a SELRES position while serving on short-term active duty orders of 180 days or less, are required to resume IDT drills upon RELAD. See Chapter 3, Section C of this Manual for policy regarding short-term and long-term active duty.
(3) Members who serve more than three months of involuntary active duty under Title 10 may participate in, but are not required to resume IDT drills in the first 60 calendar days after RELAD. Such reservists must resume IDT drills within 90 days of their RELAD. The only exception to this policy is Yellow Ribbon post-deployment events which are required, in accordance with DoD Yellow Ribbon Reintegration Program (YRRP), DoDI 1342.28.
C. Unsatisfactory Participation. Unsatisfactory participation is the failure to comply with any contractual obligations or program requirements. Participation is also considered unsatisfactory when members of the SELRES acquire nine or more unexcused absences from scheduled inactive duty training periods within a 12-month period, in accordance with Reference (g), Ready Reserve Member Participation Policy, DoDI 1215.13.
a. Reservists Who Have Not Fulfilled Their Statutory Military Service Obligation. Reservists whose participation has been unsatisfactory may be processed as follows:
(1) Members of the Ready Reserve (SELRES or IRR) who are not participating satisfactorily, have not fulfilled their statutory Reserve obligation, and have not served on active duty for a total of 24 months, may be involuntarily ordered to active duty, in accordance with Reference (a), Title 10 U.S.C. §12303. Such individuals may be required to serve on active duty until their total service on active duty equals 24 months. If the enlistment or other period of military service would expire before the full required duration of the orders, the enlistment or period of military service may be extended until the full requirement is completed. To achieve fair treatment among members who are being considered for active duty under this Section, appropriate consideration must be given to family responsibilities and employment necessary to maintain the national health, safety, or interest. Requests for active duty, in accordance with Reference (a), Title 10 U.S.C. §12303, shall be submitted via Commander (CG PSC-RPM) to Commandant (CG-131) for approval and funding;
(2) Members of the Ready Reserve (SELRES or IRR), who fail in any year to perform satisfactorily the training duty prescribed, may be ordered to active duty for training, without their consent, for not more than 45 days, in accordance with Reference (a), Title 10 U.S.C. §10148. Orders under this Section shall be submitted through District RFRS, DOL-1, or PAC-13 for members of the SELRES, or Commander (CG PSC-RPM) for members of the IRR to Commandant (CG-131) for approval and funding. Upon completion of active duty, the member may be returned to their SELRES assignment or transferred to the IRR;
(3) Reservists whose orders to involuntary active duty result in extreme community or personal hardship, shall report for duty but may, at their request, be transferred to the ASL, or may be discharged in accordance with Chapter 8 of this Manual. Reservists involuntarily ordered to active duty may request and be authorized a delay in reporting;
(4) If a reservist fails to participate satisfactorily before completing the initial six-year obligation incurred to qualify for education benefits (Post 9/11 GI Bill, Reserve Educational Assistance Program or Montgomery GI Bill for the SELRES (MGIB-SR)), and received educational benefits, such entitlements shall be suspended. The Coast Guard may involuntarily order the member to active duty for up to two-years, or for the period of obligated service remaining, whichever is less, and recoup funds from the member in accordance with Montgomery GI Bill–Selected Reserve Educational Assistance Program, COMDTINST 1001.30 (series) and Montgomery GI Bill–Selected Reserve (MGIB-SR), DoDI 1322.17;
(5) Commissioned officers in an active status, with at least five years of service, whose participation has been unsatisfactory, must be reviewed for discharge by a board of officers convened by Commander (CG PSC-RPM), in accordance with Reference (a), Title 10 U.S.C. §12681 and 12683;
(6) When SELRES members are ordered to active duty or transferred to the IRR because of unsatisfactory participation, copies of their orders shall be furnished through personal contact by a member of the command or by official correspondence. In either case, a written receipt must be obtained. When such efforts are unsuccessful, those orders shall be mailed to the member’s most recent mailing address in Direct Access; use certified mail, return receipt requested. Reservists ordered to active duty who fail to report shall be separated for misconduct, in accordance with Chapter 8 of this Manual;
(7) Transferred to, or retained, in the IRR for the balance of their military service obligation, if they have no remaining SELRES obligation, when the member still possesses the potential for useful military service;
(8) Enlisted members may be discharged for unsatisfactory participation, in accordance with Chapter 8 of this Manual. Unless the member requests a hearing before an Administrative Separation Board, the discharge process shall not require convening a board when:
(a) Member has been recommended for discharge under honorable conditions by the appropriate commanding officer or officer-in-charge; and
(b) Member does not possess the potential for useful military service if mobilized; and
(9) All separations shall be processed in accordance with Reference (k), Personnel and Pay Procedures Manual (PPPM), PPCINST M1000.2 (series), and Chapter 8 of this Manual.