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Ausencias de las reservas


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    1. A Reservist may be termed an unsatisfactory participant when one or more of the following occurs:

    a. Unsatisfactory IDT attendance or participation to include:

    (5) Any unexcused absence from an IDT period.

    b. Failure to attend scheduled AT or any other ADT requirement.


Commentario: "IDT" significa Inactive Duty Training (entrenamiento fuera del servicio activo), también conocido como "drill" (instrucción).  "AT" significa Annual Training (entrenamiento anual); "ADT" significa Active Duty (for) Training (servicio activo para el entrenamiento). ...


1. Members Serving Pursuant to the Initial Enlistment Agreement. When a Reservist with a mandatory participation requirement acquires at least nine unexcused absences within the preceeding 12-month period, or is categorized as an unsatisfactory participant for reasons other than excessive absences, the unit commander must pursue one of the following actions:

  a. Retain the Reservist and authorize EDPs to regain satisfactory participation status.

Commentario: "EDP" significa Equivalent Duty Period (instrucción que equivale a una instrucción programada).

   b. Extend the SMCR Marine’s Mandatory Drill Participation Stop Date (MDPSD) by a period of time commensurate to the accumulated unsatisfactory participation time.
    (1) The number of months that the (MDPSD) will be extended is determined by calcualting the number of missed drills during the period of unsatisfactory participation and dividing by four. For example, sixteen missed drills divided by four equals a four month extension (16/4 = 4). Fractions equal to or greater than 1⁄2 of a month are rounded up. Lesser fractions are disregarded.

    (2) Extensions will not be granted for periods of less than one month.

    (3) This opportunity will only be afforded once in a Marine’s career.

    (4) At no time will an extension exceed a Marine’s ECC.

    (5) COMMARFORRES or its MSCs are the approval authority for all requests. Units not under the command of one of the MSCs will forward requests directly to COMMARFORRES (G-1) for approval.

    (6) Requests will contain the following information on the Marine for which the extension is requested: Name, Grade, last-4 SSN, MDP Start Date, Current MDP Stop Date, Requested MDP
    Stop Date, Justification, and date of ECC.

   c. Initiate separation proceedings, per reference (s).

    NOTE: The nine unexcused absences do not have to be missed consecutively.


    1. Members of the Marine Corps Reserve lawfully called or ordered to AD or ADT are subject to   reference (z) beginning with the effective date of such orders.

Comments: Reference (z) significa el UCMJ.



    1. Article 2A(3) of reference (z) extends court-martial jurisdiction over reservists while on IDT (including telecommuting per chapter 5). As defined in paragraph 4701.3 of this Order, a reservist shall be considered in an IDT status beginning at the time of arrival at the designated IDT location or while at government furnished quarters when remaining overnight for the purpose of commencing one or more consecutive IDT periods. Such status shall continue until the member completes the final IDT period on the last day of such periods.


MCO 1900.16 (MARCORSEPMAN) (26 NOV 2013)

MCO 1900.16 (MARCORSEPMAN) (26 NOV 2013) (1.8 mb)

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A Marine may be separated for unsatisfactory participation in the Ready Reserve under criteria established in DODDIR 1215.13 series, MCO P1001R.1 (MCRAMM) series, and the Commander, Marine Forces Reserve (MARFORRES). The separation authority is the GCMCA. Characterization of service will conform to paragraph 1004 and the rules of table 6-1.


Table 6-1. Guide for Characterization of Service


Unsat Part in Ready Reserve X 2 X 1,5 X X



1. Authorized unless Marine is in an entry level status.

2. Not authorized unless Marine's record is otherwise so meritorious that any other characterization clearly would be inappropriate.


5. Authorized in accordance with the guidance in paragraph 1004.

MCRCO 1100.1 Enlistment Processing Manual (EPM) (9 November 2011)

MCRCO 1100.1 Enlistment Processing Manual (EPM) 9 November 2011 (1.5 MB)

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2. Disqualified Enlistees

c. When an individual is qualified, properly enlisted, and sworn in, but refuses to execute the order to recruit training or to the assigned command,
the recruiting station commander will immediately notify the gaining command of the same. The gaining command will join the enlistee by service record only and make an appropriate unit diary entry reflecting "unauthorized absence", and process for discharge.

3. Other Situations Involving Members of the DEP and SMCR Awaiting IADT Where Discharge is Appropriate

Commentario: "DEP" significa Delayed Entry (or Enlistment) Program.  

d. Desire for Release or Intent Not to Report. Cases will arise in which members express a desire to be released from their enlistment contract. This may have been expressed through letters to a congressional representative via chain of command. Their intention is to not report to the MEPS for enlistment in the Marine Corps, or to not execute their IADT orders. Whenever commanding officers of recruiting stations are confronted with the above situation, the following action will be taken:

Commentario: "MEPS" significa Military Entrance Processing Station.   "IADT" is Initial Active Duty for Training.

(1) The individual will be interviewed and counseled about fulfilling the contract. Individuals will be reminded that their enlistment contract is legally and morally binding.

(2) If the interview and counseling session fails, and the individual insists on being released from the enlistment, the individual will be discharged as soon as possible.

(3) Letters advising individuals of their discharge from the DEP should not chastise or degrade the individual. Rather, we should offer our best wishes for success in their future endeavors so as to maintain a cordial relationship.

4. Procedures for Discharge of Members of the DEP/SMCR Prior to IADT


b. District commanding officers may effect discharges for members of the DEP and members of the SMCR awaiting IADT under the provisions contained in the current edition of MCO P1900.16 (Short Title MARCORSEPMAN). They may authorize recruiting station commanding officers to effect the requested discharges. Reserve component entry-level status begins upon enlisting and terminates 180 days after the beginning of entry-level active duty training. Therefore, these discharges will be categorized as "uncharacterized entry-level separations." Under normal circumstances, these discharges do not require a DD 214, or discharge certificate (DD Form 256). The letter format in figure 4-3, page 4-65, will be the only correspondence used to effect an "uncharacterized entry-level separation."