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ENCLOSURE 3 REASON FOR SEPARATION
3. CONVENIENCE OF THE GOVERNMENT
a. Basis. A Service member may be separated for convenience of the Government for the following reasons:
(8) Conditions and Circumstances not Constituting a Physical Disability
(a) The Secretary concerned may authorize separation on the basis of conditions and circumstances not constituting a physical disability that interfere with assignment to or performance of duty.
- Separation processing will not be initiated until the enlisted Service member has been formally counseled on his or her deficiencies and has been given an opportunity to correct those deficiencies.
- Separation processing will not be initiated until the enlisted Service member has been counseled in writing that the condition does not qualify as a disability.
(b) The Secretary concerned may not authorize involuntary administrative separation based on a determination that the member is unsuitable for deployment or worldwide assignment because of a medical condition if a physical evaluation board has determined the member to be fit for duty for the same medical condition, unless the administrative separation is approved by the Secretary of Defense. If the Secretary concerned has reason to believe the medical condition considered by the physical evaluation board renders the member unsuitable for continued military service, the Secretary concerned may direct the physical evaluation board to reevaluate the member.
- If, based on reevaluation by a physical evaluation board, a member is determined to be unfit to perform the duties of the member’s office, grade, rank, or rating, the member may be retired or separated for physical disability consistent with chapter 61 of Title 10, United States Code (U.S.C.) (Reference (h)).
- A fit for duty finding by a physical evaluation board does not automatically entitle a Service member to reenlist upon completion of his or her current period of required active service. However, a Service member may not be denied reenlistment on the basis of the same condition for which a physical evaluation board found the member fit for duty.
(c) Separation on the basis of personality disorder, or other mental disorder not constituting a physical disability, is only authorized only if:
1. A diagnosis by an authorized mental health provider as defined in DoDI 6490.04 (Reference (i)) utilizing the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (Reference (j)) and, in accordance with procedures established by the Military Department concerned, concludes that the disorder is so severe that the member’s ability to function effectively in the military environment is significantly impaired.
a. The onset of personality disorder is frequently manifested in the early adult years and may reflect an inability to adapt to the military environment as opposed to an inability to perform the requirements of specific jobs or tasks or both.
b. Observed behavior of specific deficiencies should be documented in appropriate counseling or personnel records. Documentation will include history from supervisors, peers, and others, as necessary to establish that the behavior is persistent, interferes with assignment to or performance of duty, and has continued after the enlisted Service member was counseled and afforded an opportunity to overcome the deficiencies.
2. The enlisted Service member has been formally counseled in writing on deficiencies as reflected in appropriate counseling or personnel records and has been afforded an opportunity to overcome those deficiencies.
3. The enlisted Service member has been counseled in writing on the diagnosis of a personality disorder, or other mental disorder not constituting a physical disability.
4. For enlisted Service members who have served or are currently serving in imminent danger pay areas, a diagnosis of personality disorder or other mental disorder not constituting a physical disability will:
a. Be corroborated by a peer or higher-level mental health professional.
b. Be endorsed by the Surgeon General of the Military Department concerned.
c. Address post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and other mental illness co-morbidity. Unless found fit for duty by the disability evaluation system, a separation for personality disorder, or other mental disorder not constituting a physical disability, is not authorized if service-related PTSD is also diagnosed.
(d) Separation for personality disorder, or other mental disorder not constituting a physical disability, is not appropriate nor should it be pursued when separation is warranted on the basis of unsatisfactory performance or misconduct. In such circumstances, the enlisted Service member should not be separated under this paragraph regardless of the existence of a personality disorder.
(e) Nothing in paragraph 3a(8) of this enclosure precludes separation of an enlisted Service member who has a personality disorder or other condition or circumstance not constituting a physical disability under any other basis set forth in section 3 of this enclosure or for any other reason authorized by this instruction.
(f) Prior to involuntary separation under this provision, the notification procedure in section 2 of Enclosure 5 will be used. Documentation must include evidence that the Service member is unable to function effectively because of a personality disorder, or other mental disorder not constituting a physical disability.
(g) The reasons designated by the Secretary concerned will be separately reported.
...b. Characterization or Description. Honorable, unless the separation is under one of the
(1) An entry-level separation is required in accordance with paragraph 3c of Enclosure 4.
(2) The characterization of service is general (under honorable conditions) as warranted
in accordance with paragraph 3b(2) of Enclosure 4.