GI Rights Hotline

Military Discharges and Military Counseling

Call 1-877-447-4487

Reasonable Commuting Distance

A reservist is not required to attend drills beyond a reasonable commuting distance as defined below. Anyone who feels their command is asking them to travel beyond the distances defined below can contact the GI Rights Hotline for more information.

Commuting Distance

The maximum distance a member of a Reserve component may be required to travel involuntarily between residence and IDT site. Allowed distances include:

A 100-mile radius of the IDT site or a distance that may be traveled by automobile under average conditions of traffic, weather, and roads in 3 hours. That applies only to those units that normally do four IDT sessions on 2 consecutive days and where Government meals and quarters are at the unit IDT site.

A 50-mile radius of the IDT site or a distance that may be traveled by an automobile under average conditions of traffic, weather, and roads in a 1 1/2-hour period, where Government meals and quarters are not at the unit IDT site.

Moving outside a reasonable commuting distance

When a reservist changes residence so that they are no longer within a reasonable commuting distance from the unit’s drill site there is normally an option of transfer to either another unit or to the individual ready reserve (IRR). GI Rights Hotline counselors are available to discuss options regarding this situation.

Warning:  Despite clear regulations many reserve and national guard commands are unfamiliar with (and sometimes hostile to) the rules and procedures involving change of residence and unit relocation.  GI Rights counselors routinely assist callers with stubborn commands and steps of action to arrive with compliance with the law including the militaries own rules and regulations.  

 

Federal Law


Perhaps the most clear citation of the protections regarding limits on involuntary travel is the Federal Law: 32 CFR 100.6 - Definitions and § 100.5 Procedures.  The federal law supercedes the instructions and regulations and therfore takes precedence when any discrepencies occur.  

 

32 CFR 100.6 - Definitions. | US Law | LII / Legal ...
CFR › Title 32 › Subtitle A › Chapter I › Subchapter D › Part 100 › Section 100.6; 32 CFR 100.6 - Definitions. CFR; eCFR; ... Reasonable commuting distance.

(e) Reasonable commuting distance. The maximum distance a member of a Reserve component may travel involuntarily between residence and drill training site, in accordance with § 100.5(b)(1). This distance may be within:
(1) A 100-mile radius of the drill site that does not exceed a distance that can be traveled by automobile under average conditions of traffic, weather, and roads within 3 hours. This applies only to those units that normally conduct four drills on 2 consecutive days during the training year, if Government meals and quarters are provided at the base where the unit drills. (The provisions of this paragraph shall apply only to those individuals enlisting, reenlisting, or extending their enlistments after November 1, 1972.)
(2) A 50-mile radius of the drill site that does not exceed a distance that can be traveled by automobile under average conditions of traffic, weather, and roads within a period of 11/2 hours.

§ 100.5 Procedures.
(b) Exceptions

(1) Members of the Selected Reserve who are unable to participate in a unit of the Selected Reserve by reason of an action taken by the Military Department concerned, such as unit inactivation or relocation, to the effect that they now reside beyond a reasonable commuting distance (as defined in § 100.6(e)) of a Reserve unit, shall be assigned to the IRR until they are able to join or be assigned to another unit, or complete their statutory military service obligation.

(4) If members of the Selected Reserve who change their residences locate in an area where they reside beyond a reasonable commuting distance, as such distance is defined in § 100.6(e) of a paid-drill unit of the same Reserve component, they shall be assigned to the IRR of their service until they are able to transfer to a paid-drill unit of another Reserve component; or complete their statutory military service obligation.