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3-4. Participation before initial active duty for training
Enlistees in the categories described in a through d below are authorized to attend the specified number of inactive duty training (IDT)s or AT with their assigned unit for pay purposes before completing IADT. (All others may voluntarily participate in inactive duty training (IDT)s without pay during the period before IADT.) Failure of a soldier to attend inactive duty training (IDT)s while in the training pipeline awaiting entrance on IADT (to include both phases of the Alternate Training Program) will not subject the soldier to unsatisfactory participation processing of paragraph 4-14.
Comments: IDTs are also known as drills.
This chapter governs absences from Ready Reserve training. It applies to all ARNGUS and USAR soldiers. Table 4-1, Absences, lists reasons for absences, who may excuse or grant exceptions to unexcused absences, basis for approval or disapproval, and the documentation required.
4-12. Conditions of unexcused absence
a. An unexcused absence is any absence not covered in sections II and IV of this chapter.
b. Soldiers will be charged with unsatisfactory participation when without proper authority they
(1) Accrue in any one-year period a total of nine or more unexcused absences from scheduled inactive duty training (IDT)s. (In the case of IMAs who are required to-perform fewer than 48 inactive duty training (IDT)s per year, see paragraph 4-7b(2).)
(2) Fail to obtain a unit of assignment during a leave of absence granted per section IV.
(3) Fail to attend or complete AT.
Comments: "IMA" is Individual Mobilization Augmentation. "AT" is Annual Training.
c. Officers and enlisted soldiers with the exception of ROTC/SMP cadets will be processed for reassignment or separation as prescribed in chapter 6 as soon as possible after the actions in paragraphs 4-6, 4-7, or 4-15a, as appropriate, result in a determination that the soldier is an unsatisfactory participant. ROTC/SMP cadets determined to be unsatisfactory participants may be removed from the SMP and transferred or reassigned to Control Group (ROTC) at the appropriate ROTC Region Headquarters in their cadet status (AR 601-210, see processing release from ROTC/SMP and
reassignment to CG (ROTC)).
4-14. Unexcused absence from unit training assemblies
a. Unsatisfactory participation. A soldier is an unsatisfactory participant (according to para 4-15) when nine or more unexcused absences from scheduled inactive duty training (IDT)s occur during a 1-year period. (See paras 4-14b and 4-14c below for computation.) In the case of IMAs required to perform IDT, see paragraph 4-7b(2).
b. Charging unexcused absences. Unless an absence is authorized, a soldier failing to attend a scheduled single or multiple unit training assembly (MUTA) will be charged with an unexcused absence. When absence involves a MUTA (or any portion of a MUTA), the charge will be one unexcused absence for each 4-hour period not attended, but not to exceed four unexcused absences. If absent from a MUTA 5 or MUTA 6, the maximum number of unexcused absences charged is four. Unexcused absences remain charged to the soldier on reassignment or reenlistment in another RC unit.
c. Establishing the 1-year period. For counting unexcused absences, the 1-year period will begin on the date of the absence. It will end 1 year later. Beginning dates will be set for each succeeding unexcused absence. When longer than 1-year elapses from the date of an absence, it no longer will be counted. The new 1-year period will begin on the date of the later absence, if any.
Reassignment and Removal from Assignment
Conditions of Removal
a. An enlisted soldier must satisfactorily participate with a unit for the period specified by written contract, agreement, or statement of understanding.
b. Voluntary or involuntary removal from unit participation will be as prescribed by AR 135–178, AR 140–10, or NGR 600–200, as appropriate, or under additional conditions cited in this section.
c. The reassignment or transfer of an enlisted soldier to the IRR under the conditions cited in this section is authorized provided all of the following apply to the soldier:
(1) Soldier has a remaining statutory or contractual military service obligation.
(2) Required initial entry training (IET) has been completed and individual has been awarded an MOS.
(3) The soldier is not within 3 months of the expiration of a statutory or contractual military service obligation, whichever is the later....
5–4. Unit inactivation or relocation
a. Soldiers who meet the criteria of paragraph 5–1c whose unit is inactivated or relocated will be reassigned/
transferred to the IRR if–
(1) They now live beyond commuting distance of their unit. (commuting distance is defined in paragraph 5–5.)
(2) There is no other unit of the same component within commuting distance.
b. Soldiers’ reassigned/transferred to the IRR under this paragraph will remain assigned to the IRR until they–
(1) Join or are assigned to another unit.
(2) Complete their statutory and/or contractual obligation.
5–5. Maximum involuntary travel distance
The maximum distance ARNGUS and USAR soldiers may travel involuntarily between their residence and the inactive duty training (IDT) training site must be within—
a. A 50–mile radius of the inactive duty training (IDT) site. It will not exceed 1 1/2 hours of travel time one-way by car under average traffic, weather, and road conditions
b. A 100–mile radius of the inactive duty training (IDT) site. (This policy is applicable to enlisted soldiers only.) It is an alternative that can be applied when all of the conditions in (1) and (2) below can be met. It will not exceed 3 hours of travel time one-way by car under average traffic, weather, and road conditions.
(1) The soldiers must be assigned to units that normally conduct multiple unit training assemblies (MUTA) on 2 consecutive days (MUTA-4).
(2) Government-provided meals and quarters must be furnished at the training site.
c. Round-trip travel from home to perform IDT at the unit to which the soldier is assigned or attached will be at the soldier’s expense....
6-2. Unsatisfactory participation enforcement procedures
When it has been determined that an ARNGUS or USAR officer or enlisted soldier is an unsatisfactory participant per chapter 4, the immediate commander will complete a memorandum (see fig 6–1) determining the Soldier an unsatisfactory participant and will initiate proceedings that result in the reassignment, transfer, or separation of the unsatisfactory participant as prescribed in this paragraph and complete a notice of SGLI termination memorandum (see fig 6–2) informing the Soldier his or her SGLI will be terminated effective 60 days from the date of the notice. ...
These proceedings are applicable when
the unsatisfactory participant is—
a. An enlisted Soldier assigned to an ARNGUS or USAR unit or an IMA duty position.
(1) If the commander determines the Soldier has potential for useful service under mobilization, the Soldier will be processed under one of the following:
(a) Discharge from the ARNGUS and transfer to the IRR per NGR 600–200. The commander may also consider grade reduction per AR 600–8–19.
(b) Reassignment to the IRR from a USAR TPU or IMA duty position per AR 140–10 (see involuntary reassignment for unsatisfactory participation). The commander may also consider grade reduction per AR 600–8–19 (see reduction for unsatisfactory participation).
(2) If the commander determines the Soldier has no potential for useful service under mobilization, the Soldier will be processed for discharge from Reserve of the Army status per AR 135–178 (see unsatisfactory participation in the IRR)....